Tuesday, 23rd May 2017

To go for the 2017 PHCB
Key Indicators
GDP per Capita (2015) US$ 2,719
GDP real Growth rate (2015)  6.49%
Population Poverty Rate (2012) 12.0%
General Literacy Rate (2012) 63.0%
Youth Literacy Rate (2012) 86.1%
Secondary School Completion Rate (2012) 74.2%
Household with TV Connection (2012) 55.3%
Population Access to Improved Sanitation (2012) 81.0%
 View All

Current Population
Bhutan:  
* Gives the estimated popuilation as of today based on the PHCB 2005 population and the population growth rate used for the Population projection report. May not necessarly be the same as the figures in the Population projection report due to the reference period of the two figures.   

NSB systems

Quick Links

Home » Population and Housing Census of Bhutan


POPULATION AND HOUSING CENSUS OF BHUTAN, 2017
  • What is Population and Housing Census?
    • • The census is a count of everyone living in a country, regardless of whether they are a citizen or not. It is a unique event – it tells us who we are. It is the one occasion, once every ten years, when each and every one of us gets the opportunity to make our mark by putting on record who we are, where we are, what we do, what we have to offer and what our current situation is.

      • Census is a treasure house of information on Demography, Literary and Education, Housing and Household amenities, Urbanization and Migration, Employment and Economic activity, Fertility and mortality.

      • It is only the source of primary data at the micro level.

      • It provides valuable information for planning and formulation of policies for evidence-based decision making, effective public administrative and;

      • It is widely used by the government, development partners, civil society organizations, scholars, academia, researchers, business people/private sector and many more.

  • Significance and Objectives of the Census
    • • The census is the most comprehensive source of information on population and household. It provides benchmark data for other demographic, economic and social statistics. The size and coverage of the Census facilities analysis on different population groups by broad geographical area. It is a key input for policy review and plan formulation.

      • Census data guides decision makers and planners on how to allocate funds for socio-economic development.

  • How is it conducted?
    • • The census is conducted using de-facto method of data collection.
  • Who is counted?
    • • Everyone gets this opportunity- not just those entitled to vote, but everyone in Bhutan on census night. It doesn’t matter if you are 1 hour old or 100 years old, it doesn’t matter if you were born America or Shanghai, you are part of Bhutanese society now and you matter.

  • How is it important?
    • • Everyone gets this opportunity- not just those entitled to vote, but everyone It is important for each and every community in Bhutan because it provides information about the population down to the local level across a range of different criteria e.g. age, education, employment, language spoken, health, etc. This information can be used to tell at a community, regional and national level about the composition of the population and to identity the needs and requirements of each group planning for the provision of services.

  • What information is available from Population and Housing Census?
    • • Everyone gets this opportunity- not just those entitled to vote, but everyone It is important for each and every community in Bhutan because it provides information about the population down to the local level across a range of different criteria e.g. age, education, employment, language spoken, health, etc. This information can be used to tell at a community, regional and national level about the composition of the population and to identity the needs and requirements of each group planning for the provision of services.

      a) Demographic characteristics including disability:

      Data from census will provide age-sex disaggregated information on:

      • The number of people with disability
      • The number of people by marital status
      • Total number of Households
      b) Education:

      Data from the census will provide age-sex disaggregated information on:

      •The number of people who can read and write
      •The level of education by those who have been to school
      •The number of school-age children presently not at school
      c) Health

      Census will allow estimation of life expectancy at birth, fertility and mortality rates including maternal mortality, and child mortality rates.

      The following age sex-sex disaggregated information will be available from the census data:
      • The number of children born in lifetime and during last 12 months
      • The number of births attended by skilled person
      • Number of deceased during last 12 months
      • Causes of death
      • Type of disabilities
      • Visit to Health Facility
      • Main Source of Drinking Water
      • Type of toilet facilities
      d) Labour and Employment:

      Age-sex disaggregated information on labour and employment by type of activity, and unemployment rates to assist in designing the targeted intervention will be available as follows:

      The following age sex-sex disaggregated information will be available from the census data:
      • The number of economically active and in-active population
      • The age specific labour force participation rate
      • The number of people by main economic activity
      • The number of employed population by sector of employment
      • The number of employed population by type of occupation
      • The number of unemployed persons
      • The dependency ratio
      e) Migration

      • Information on internal migration, particularly the rural to urban migration which is critical and an emerging issue in the country will be available by:

        • Number of lifetime migrants
        • Number of temporary migrants based on previous place of residence and duration of stay
        • Reasons for migration
        f) Housing conditions, amenities and standard of living:

        Information on housing conditions will assist in the analysis of socio economic status of the household.

        • Total number of households type of housing conditions
        • Total number of households by main source of lighting
        • Total number of households by main source of cooking fuel
        • Total number of households by distance to nearest motor road
        • Total number of households by assets ownership
        • Total number of households by communication and media facilities
  • Other uses of census data:
    • Data collected from the census can also be used for the following purposes:

      •To update demographic and various other socio-economic indicators at the lowest administrative level.
      •To provide evidences for monitoring and evaluation of development programmes (11th Five Year Plan) review and assess the implementation of and achievements of MDGs, SAARG Development Goals and the ICPD Programme of Action nationally.
      •To define and update sampling frames for household surveys which would allow small area estimation using survey estimates at the lowest administrative level.
  • Census Preparatory Activities:
    • Census is both complex and resources intensive statistical undertaking. It requires diligent planning, significant capacity building and technical expertise. The overall success of the census depends on how well the government, civil society organizations, and development partners engage to ensure an inclusive, accurate and widely accepted census operation. Great importance and a special emphasis are placed on planning and preparation of census execution, and this entails numerous field tests and repeated trials.
  • Census activities can be divided into three main stages:
    • The first stage – Planning and preparation towards data collection:

      This stage is critical. During this stage, the purpose and methodology of the census are determined, strategies decisions are made, and intermediate goals are defined. A great emphasis is put on the development of methods.
      Some of the major activities which pave the way for the successful implementation of a census operation are:
      a) Enumeration Area Demarcation (Mapping house listing):
      This stage entails mapping the whole country along existing administrative boundaries and dividing villages into census enumeration areas. One enumeration area can conveniently be covered by one interviewer during the census period. The enumeration areas prevent the omissions or overlaps of land areas by census interviewers.
      b) Pilot Census:
      This ensures that logistics are workable and the census questions are both understood and accepted by the respondents. This also provides useful information in planning the actual census.
      The second stage-data collection:
      During this stage, data on entire population is collected by direct contact with the residents. This is the most crucial and intensive stage requiring complex logistic preparation. The government declares a census holiday to ensure the full coverage and mass participation of the people for the day.
      The third stage – producing the results:
      Activities including receipt of questionnaires, processing, estimations analysis, report writing, publication and dissemination of the census data takes place during this stage. This stage is professionally long, arduous and complex and involves working on three major activities simultaneously:
      • Preparation of the final file of the census data ( including receipt of the information, identification and correction of errors, editing of the data collected, imputation of missing data and calculation of estimates).
      • Production of products by which the findings of the census are published and distributed, in the form of various statistical summaries and their analyses, or as files of anonymous individual records.
      • Conducting activities of data assessment, from which picture results of the extent of coverage of the population and the quality of the information are produced
  • How can you as a leader or an individual support the 2017 Population and Housing Census of Bhutan?
    • In order to have a credible and reliable population and housing census conducted in Bhutan, leaders at all levels as well as the general public are requested to participate in raising awareness on the importance of the census and being a part of the whole process. If everybody understands the reasons for and the benefits of being counted in the census, it is believed that people get more motivated to participate and cooperate on providing the accurate information. The government, development partners and media are equally responsible for advocating and educating the entire population to ensure that everybody is counted and the census is conducted smoothly.
      A successful census at the end will provide the country with robust and accurate statistical data that are vital for moving our nation forward to lasting and inclusive socio-economic development.